The Smith-Dorrien Family | Rectory Lane Cemetery, Berkhamsted

Rectory Lane Cemetery, Berkhamsted

The Smith-Dorrien Family

The Smith-Dorrien Family

Burials connected with this article

Places of interest

The following local places of interest are linked to this article:

In the 18th and 19th centuries a number of rich and successful families lived in grand houses that stood in substantial grounds on the outskirts of Berkhamsted. Two family names that resonate across Berkhamsted are the Smiths and the Dorriens. These two banking and military families were inextricably joined by marriage in the early 19th century. Their importance in the town is evident in the numerous monuments in St Peter’s Church commemorating their lives, and several family members are buried here in Rectory Lane Cemetery.

The Smiths

 Augustus Smith

Augustus Smith (1804-1872)

The Smiths had been established as bankers in Nottingham since the mid-17th century. Smith’s Bank (est. c. 1658) is believed to be the first bank to be formed outside London.

In 1801, James Smith (1768-1843) moved to Berkhamsted with his family and acquired Ashlyns Hall. His first wife, Frances, died and he remarried in 1803 to Mary Isabella, the daughter of another noted Berkhamsted family, the Pechells. Mary Isabella died in Paris in 1823.

Of James and Mary Isabella five children, their eldest son Augustus Smith (1804-1872) is perhaps best known.  He began a long family connection with the Isles of Scilly when he acquired the lease from the Duchy of Cornwall in 1842, and styled himself “Lord Proprietor of the Isles of Scilly”. His autocratic management and reform of the remote Cornish islands was often unpopular. He is more fondly remembered in Berkhamsted as the heroic leading figure in the “Battle of Berkhamsted Common” of 1866, when he fought for access rights of local people to common land against Lord Brownlow’s plan to fence it off.

Augustus’s younger brother Robert Algernon Smith (1814-1879) was also an important figure in the history of Berkhamsted, serving as a Justice of the Peace (JP), a Lieutenant Colonel in the Herts Militia and as Churchwarden at St Peter’s Church. It was his marriage to Mary Ann Drever in 1845 that established a new name in local history. Mary Anne was a member of the high-standing Dorrien Family, and Robert changed his name to Smith-Dorrien by Royal Licence, assuming the family name of his mother-in-law.

The Dorriens

Robert Algernon Smith-Dorrien

Robert Algernon Smith-Dorrien

The Dorrien family name looms large in the history of Berkhamsted, and appears on numerous monuments and plaques in St Peter’s Church.

John Dorrien (c.1714-1784) was born in London, apparently into a family of German Lutherans. Although records from this time are unclear, John’s siblings were baptised (and later buried) at the the former Hamburg Lutheran Church of the Holy Trinity in Trinity Lane, London. This church no longer exists, as it was demolished in 1871 by the Metropolitan Railway Company as part of the construction of the new railway line at Mansion House. John Dorrien was a merchant banker, “a partner in the house of Dorrien and Mello of Billiter Square; and in that of Boetefeur, Dorrien & Co. of Old Jewry; from 1772 he was also a partner in the bank of Dorrien, Rucker and Carlton of 22 Finch Lane hill. ….” He also became the chairman of the East India Company, one of the richest and most influential institutions in Britain at that time. In the late 18th century he purchased Haresfoot, a large house on the northern outskirts of Berkhamsted which was to become the Dorriens’ family home for over a century.

John’s son, George Dorrien, was Governor of the Bank of England 1818–1820. George’s brother, Thomas Dorrien, married Isabella Drake. The Drakes had been Lords of the Manor of Amersham since the early 17th century.

With the joining of the Smith and Dorrien names in the marriage of Robert Algernon and Mary Ann, the Smith-Dorrien dynasty was firmly established; together they had fifteen children, several of whom were prominent figures in Berkhamsted society. Robert was churchwarden St Peter’s Church 1862-1879, and played a key role in the project to restore the church in the 1870s by bringing in renowned architect William Butterfield. Robert’s eldest son, Thomas Algernon Smith-Dorrien, succeeded Augustus Smith as Lord Proprietor of the Isles of Scilly in 1872. He changed his name by Royal Licence to Thomas Algernon Smith-Dorrien-Smith.

Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien,

Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, photographed by Bassano Ltd, 30 May 1927

Thomas’s brother Horace is of particular note; General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien was a distinguished army general who served in the Second Boer War and World War I, commanding at the Second Battle of Ypres. After the war he served as Governor of Gibraltar 1918-1923. His wife, Olive, was noted for her charitable work, serving as president of The Blue Cross animal welfare charity and setting up Lady Smith-Dorrien’s Hospital Bag Fund in support of wounded soldiers.

Thomas’s other brothers both served in the Royal Navy: Lieut. Commander Henry Theophilus Smith-Dorrien saw service in the 1882 War in Egypt, and Rear Admiral Arthur Hale Smith Dorrien served in Zululand and the Egyptian War.

Upon the death of Thomas Algernon in 1918, his son, Major Arthur Algernon Dorrien-Smith, succeeded him as Lord Proprietor of the Isles of Scilly. He was the last to hold this position, as the lease reverted to the Duchy of Cornwall in 1920. Arthur and his wife Eleanor had seven children. Tragically, they lost five sons in World War II, who are commemorated by a memorial in St Nicholas’s Church, Tresco. Their suriving son,  Lt.-Cdr. Thomas Mervyn Dorrien-Smith, married Princess Tamara Imeretinsky of Georgia.

The Smith-Dorriens left Berkhamsted after WWI, and Harefoot was sold and later demolished. The family has retained its base in the Isles of Scilly, and today runs the estate on the Isle of Tresco.

Burials and memorials

In Berkhamsted

Numerous memorials to the Smiths and the Dorriens can be found within St Peter’s Church, evidence of their importance and standing in the parish.

John Dorrien memorial

The John Dorrien memorial in St Peter’s Church (1803)

On the wall of the North Transept, an elegant 1803 marble monument commemorates nine of the earlier Dorrien family members. It is the work of sculptor John Bacon the younger.

  • Thomas Dorrien died 1 January 1847 in his 93rd year.
  • Isabella wife of Tho. Dorrien daughter and co-heir of Tho. Drake D.D. Rector of Amersham died 18 August 1829 aged 72 years.
  • Thomas only son of the above died 22 February 1841 in his 61st year.
  • Isabella eldest daughter of the above died 18 September 1846 in her 68th year.
  • Mary Ann second daughter, wife of Thomas Drever Esq MD died 26 June 1843 in her 51st year.
  • Lt.Gen. John Dorrien second son of John and Ann died 14 March 1825 in the 67th year of his age.
  • Henrietta Ann his widow born 28 October 1773 died 6 Jan 1816.
  • George Dorrien Esq fourth son died 10 Feb 1835 aged 66 years. Governor of Bank of England 1818-1819.
  • Grace wife of George Dorrien and daughter of Sir William Ashurst died 29 Nov 1826 aged 53 years.

Underneath the north transept and Lady Chapel area there is a family vault. Several members of the Smith and Dorrien families are buried here. On one of the window sills in the Lady Chapel a small plaque records the permission granted by the Diocese of St Albans for John Dorrien to excavate the burial vault:

“For John Dorrien Esq and his family for ever, exclusive of all other persons. Twelve feet in length, eight feet in breadth and seven feet in depth”

The date on the plaque is 1782, two years before John Dorrien’s death in 1784.

the Smith-Dorrien Memorial

the Smith-Dorrien Memorial in St Peter’s

Another large Dorrien monument in the church makes reference to the family vault, although somewhat confusingly this memorial has since been relocated north transept to the other side of the church, and now stands by the choir stalls. This large, white marble memorial is primarily dedicated to Mary Isabella Smith, and has since been inscribed with the names of several of her descendants in the Smith and Smith-Dorrien families. It depicts a kneeling female figure with the text “Father into thy hands I commend my spirit” (from Luke 23:46) and bears the names of a dozen members of the family:


To the memory of
Mary Isabella
wife of James Smith Esq of Ashlyns Hall.
Died at Paris Feb XIV MDCCCXXIII aged XXXIX.
  • In a vault beneath rest the mortal remains of James Smith Esq of Ashlyns hall. Born 3rd Sept 1768 died 16th Feb 1843.
  • Also of James his only child by his first wife Frances daughter of John Arbuthnot Esq. Born 30th April 1800 killed by a fall from his pony 12th Sept-1811.
  • Augustus John Smith of Ashlyns Hall and Tresco Abbey, Isles of Scilly M.P. for Truro. Eldest son of the 2nd marriage. Born 15th Sept 1804 died 31st July 1872. His remains lie at St Buryan Cornwall.
  • Robert Algernon Smith Dorrien of Haresfoot. Captain 3rd Light Dragoons and 16th Lancers, Colonel Herts Militia. Fourth son of the eldest marriage. Born 2nd oct 1814 died 8th Oct 1879. His body rests in the cemetery.
  • Mary Ann Smith Dorrien his wife. Born 25th Jan 1825 died 28th July 1909.
  • Thomas Algernon Smith Dorrien Smith eldest son of the above. Lord Proprietor of the Isles of Scilly. Born 7th Feb 1846 died 6th Aug 1918.
  • In the same vault are deposited with their parents James Smith Esq and his second wife Isabella eldest daughter of Augustus Pechell Esq
  • The bodies of Theodore Samuel their third son. Cornet in H.Ms Light Dragoons. Born 20th March 1806 died 29th June 1829.
  • Of Pauline Wilhelmina their youngest child born 23rd Jan 1820 died at St Marys in the Isles of Scilly 28th oct 1835. “Bright and brief was her course as a meteor’s vanishing into heaven”.
  • Frances Mary Isabella their eldest daughter, widow of Colonel Thomas le Marchant. Born 3rd April 1812 died 15th Oct 1902. Buried at Broadway, Herts.

Other memorials to the Dorriens can be found around the church:

  • The large north window (1852) of the north transept commemorates George Dorrien and other family members.
  • A stained-glass window in the south aisle by Charles Kempe, depicting the Archangel Michael, is in memory of Robert Algernon Smith-Dorrien-Smith.
  • Beneath the Kempe window, a plaque also records that the oak pulpit in the nave was decorated in memory of Robert’s wife Mary Ann by their fourteen children. A small inscription on the inside of the pulpit also records this. The wooden angels around the pulpit were carved by the sculptor Harry Hems.
  • Another more prominent memorial to Mary Ann Dorrien can be seen outside in the churchyard:  a tall stone cross, erected in 1911.

In Cornwall

  • The tomb of Augustus Smith, St Buryan’s Church, Cornwall
  • Memorial to Augustus Smith in the churchyard ot St Mary’s Old Church, St Mary’s Island, Isles of Scilly
  • Memorial to the five Dorrien-Smith sons killed in World War II, in St Nicholas’s Church, Tresco, Isles of Scilly
    • Major Francis Arthur Dorrien-Smith (1921-1944), Rifle Brigade
      Killed in Normandy 20th June 1944, buried at Bayeux Military Cemetery
    • Pilot Officer Lionel Roger Dorrien-Smith (1918-1944), RAF 79th Squadron
      Missing, believed killed over Arras, 20 May 1944, commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial
    • Captain Algernon Robert Augustus Dorrien-Smith, Royal Hussars
      Mortally wounded at Arras, 20th May 1940, buried at Lapugnoy Military Cemetery
    • Captain Geoffrey Richard Dorrien-Smith (1916-1944), East Kent Regiment & Parachute Regiment
      Killed At Arnhem, 20th September 1944
    • Captain Horace Algernon Dorrien-Smith (1919-1942), Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry & Parachute Regiment
      Killed Near Bournemouth 23rd April 1942

Smith and Smith-Dorrien Family Tree

Smith-Dorrien family tree


Further reading