The Industrial Revolution brings about change across Britain. The rural town of Berkhamsted is transformed when the London and Birmingham Railway company opens a new railway line through Berkhamsted in 1837. Improved living standards lead to population growth, and between 1800 and 1850, the population of England doubles. More people naturally leads to more deaths, and Britain’s churchyards begin to fill up. In Berkhamsted, the first discussions are held in 1837 about finding a new burial ground.